Re-Defining the Social Justice Agenda

The new book by Francine Mestrum and Meena Menon

You can find it here:  https://www.palgrave.com/gp/book/9789813365704

 

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Income Security: Options and Choices

Asia Europe Peoples Forum – Social Justice Working Group – Income Security: Options and choices

Francine Mestrum

  1. Introduction

It is crystal clear during the COVID-19 crisis: people need protection, health care, clean water, decent housing and … income. These services are not available for huge numbers of people all over the world. What happened with the COVID-19 crisis was that all of a sudden their numbers were growing. Too many public services have been privatised in past decades and made unavailable or unaffordable for too many people, no doctors or hospitals, no clean water and soap, no decent housing. In these circumstances, how to protect yourself? How to protect others? Moreover, due to the lockdowns, people lost their jobs, informal and platform workers were unable to earn anything, street vendors went idle … how then to survive? Where, without the crisis, some poor people were always able to earn something with minor jobs and activities, their needs were largely invisible to those who prefer to not know and not see. Or they were blamed for being poor, for not taking all the ‘opportunities’ offered to them.

This is the silver lining of this crisis: no one can pretend anymore to not know and not see. The needs are enormous. People are suffering and all too often, dying, if not from COVID, from hunger.

Continue reading

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Changes for a post-COVID world?

There is something profoundly disturbing about this crisis. The results are frightening: ten thousands of deaths, hundred thousands of sick people, major cities in lockdown, an economic collapse…

Slowly, from China and South-East Asia, the crisis is now hitting Europe, the United States and will inevitably spread from there to the South. And as we know, the majority of poor countries does not have the capacities to care for their people. Almost half of the world population does not even have water and soap to wash their hands.

Speculations are going on on how our world will have to change after the crisis. But will it change?

One might smile when seeing how many healthy people come with their solutions, closely following their own yearlong concerns. Eurosceptics condemn the European Union for the lack of solidarity and promote more national approaches; advocates of basic income think to solve all problems with a monetary allowance; futurologists see a total collapse coming; ecologists point to the destruction of biodiversity and promote vegetarianism. And of course, those who believe in conspiracies see the virus travelling from the U.S. to China or vice versa.

Naomi Klein is careful and states this crisis might lead to catastrophic changes by leaders who just take this opportunity to do what they might not be able to do in normal circumstances. But her followers are not and already see capitalist takeovers and more austerity measures coming. Continue reading

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Universalism … really?

How the World Bank turns meanings to its advantage.

With all the paradigmatic changes the World Bank has been promoting in the field of social policies, one element never changed in the past thirty years. Social policies were meant for the poor, governments had to find the best ways to target those who really needed their help.

The reasoning is simple: poor people, as was spelled out in its first World Development Report on Poverty of 1990[1], were those left behind by growth and by governments. The wrong policies were applied so that poor people did not get access to labour markets and, moreover, these labour markets were made more difficult to enter because of minimum wages and other ‘protective’ rules the poor did not really care about. If one really wanted to help the poor, one had to abolish all these well-meant but adverse policies. Open, deregulated markets, at the local and the global level, were the best programmes for the poor. In its ‘Doing Business’ Report of 2013[2], the World Bank still considered fixed term contracts and 50-hour workweeks as positive achievements, whereas premiums for night-work and paid annual leave were on the negative side[3].

As for the not-so-poor or middle classes, these people are said to have enough resources to buy the insurances they want on the market. Insurances are an economic sector and there is no reason why States or governments should get involved in it[4]. Solidarity is one of the words that has always been shunned by the international financial organisations. Continue reading

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Video on Social Protection

We are happy to present to you a video we made on social protection and our Global Charter for Social Protection Rights. It was made with the help of the NGO Forum on ADB. So many thanks for this!

Please watch the video and distribute it as widely as you can:

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1BxCSLloCuZWpHwFdgEHHKqbHAyie2O6B/view?ts=5c068a2c

In the meantime we are preparing the Asie Europe People’s Forum’s Social Justice Cluster’s conference in Nepal on social protection and labour rights. In Une there will be a new World Social Forum on Health and Social Security in Bogota.

All the best for 2019!

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Arguments en faveur de la Charte mondiale des droits à la protection sociale

  1. En conformité avec la Déclaration universelle des Droits de l’Homme, la protection sociale est un droit humain.

 

  1. La protection sociale est un élément majeur de la justice sociale, si vous n’avez pas de retraite, pas de droits du travail, etc., il est difficile de vivre en dignité.

 

  1. Nous croyons que la justice sociale est l’objectif central de tous les efforts pour arriver à une économie juste et soutenable avec un commerce équitable, des finances justes et des règles contraignantes pour les gouvernements et les entreprises.

 

  1. La protection sociale consiste de la sécurité sociale (pensions, allocations en cas de maladie ou de chômage, en faveur des enfants et des jeunes mères, en faveur des personnes handicappées …), de l’assistance sociale (aide aux pauvres), des droits du travail et d’une série de services publics.

 

  1. Nous appuyons les initiatives internationales actuellement existantes, tel les Objectifs du Développement Durable (ODD) et les Socles de Protection Sociale de l’OIT, mais comme le dit l’OIT elle-même, il est nécessaire d’aller au-delà, puisqu’elles sont assez limitées.

 

  1. La protection sociale doit être universelle, ne pas se limiter à l’aise aux pauvres mais à tous et à toutes, ce que veut dire que tous doivent y contribuer à travers des contributions sociales ou des taxes, les épaules les plus fortes devant porter les charges les plus lourdes…

 

  1. Pour nous, la protection sociale est un commun, ce qui veut dire qu’elle est à nous et que nous devons décider de sa conceptualisation, de sa mise en œuvre et du contrôle sur son utilisation. Les Etats doivent donner des garanties, come ils doivent garantir le respect des droits humains. Fondamentalement, cela veut dire que nous devons démocratiser la protection sociale et impliquer tous/toutes les citoyens/citoyennes.

 

  1. Nous constatons que la protection sociale est liée à d’autres secteurs pour lesquels les mouvements sociaux se mobilisent, tel que le changement climatique, le commerce, la démocratie et la paix. La protection sociale peut offrir une contribution positive à l’environnement, par exemple dans le secteur du logement.
  2. La protection sociale n’est pas un mécanisme correcteur du capitalisme, elle devrait être transformatrice et renforcer les autres actions en faveur d’un changement systémique.
  3. En fin de compte, la protection sociale concerne la soutenabilité de la vie.
  4. Nous avons le devoir de définir notre propre agenda et de ne pas nous limiter aux luttes pour les politiques qui nous ont déjà été données (ODD et SPF). Nous devons définir nos propres priorités et organiser nos propres campagnes et nos luttes.

 

  1. Aujourd’hui, cette lutte ne concerne pas seulement le néolibéralisme, mais aussi le populisme de droite qui favorise une protection sociale non émancipatrice et non transformatrice, en faveur des ‘valeurs traditionnelles’.

 

  1. Nous appelons à des politiques cohérentes, étant donné que la justice sociale ne peut se limiter à une seule politique mais sera toujours le résultat de politiques équitables au niveau économique, environnemental et social. En mettant l’accent sur l’une ou l’autre de ces politiques, que ce soient les pensions ou les services sociaux, les demandes ne peuvent être interprétées en dehors de leur contexte global. Bien au contraire, la Charte peut aider à traduire les principes qui y sont mentionnés en des revendications détaillées ayant un sens émancipateur et transformateur issu de la Charte même.

 

  1. C’est pourquoi la Charte n’est pas un texte contraignant avec des revendications, mais un texte de principes à mettre en œuvre. Dans ce sens, il peut servir de référence aux mouvements qui cherchent à définir leurs priorités et à organiser leurs campagnes.

 

  1. Cette Charte est le résultat d’une décision prise au Forum des Peuples Asie Europe en 2016 à Ulaan Baatar, Mongolie.

 

  1. Le texte de la Charte est disponible en trois langues : www.globalsocialprotectioncharter.eu. Votre appui à cette initiative est très bienvenu en cliquant sur ‘support’ et en mettant votre nom et adresse e-mail. Un grand merci.
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Arguments in favour of the Global Charter for Social Protection Rights

–        According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, social protection is a human right.

 

–        Social protection is a major element of social justice – if you have no pensions, no health care, no labour rights etc., it is difficult to lead a decent life in dignity

Continue reading

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Social protection, the World Bank, the IMF and Lewis Carroll

Excellent fable on how poor countries, with excellent social protection schemes, are losing … ‘through the looking glass’ …

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On the human right to social protection

Good to watch, an explanation on the human right to social protection and economic and social rights

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